History of Austin, Texas – Do you ever visited texas? texas vacation can be one of your choice to spend time off. but did you know about the history of austin, texas? you better know first before you go to enjoy the beautiful texas.
Austin is the capital of the state of Texas. It is located in the central part of Texas in an area known as the Texas hill. Austin population increased substantially over the last years in the 20th century. However, compared to the largest cities in the state of Texas, Houston and Dallas, Austin is relatively small. Austin population is 842 592 inhabitants. Austin metropolitan area spread across five counties; covers an area of more than 10 878 square kilometers.
The first settlers Austin is a missionary trying to convert the religion of Native Americans to Roman Catholicism. In 1730, Franciscan missionaries set up three temporary missions. More than a century later, in 1838, five families settled in this town site and named Waterloo. In 1839, when Waterloo became the permanent capital of the Republic of Texas, the name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin, which is considered the “Father of Texas.”
Austin grew rapidly. The population increased from 629 people in 1850 to 3,500 ten years later. Trains contribute to the growth of Austin after the Civil War. During World War II, the construction of several military bases near the city encourage population growth significantly.
Throughout the history of Austin, the city’s economy is dependent on the state and federal governments, and educational institutions such as the University of Texas. Austin has a large technology industry. Although the city is affected by the national economic crisis that began in 2008, but the impact was not as severe as other parts in the US. In general, mixed economic signals. The construction industry and telecommunications down, but the service industry, such as health care, providing greater employment opportunities. Whole Foods Market, the company’s products the leading natural and organic foods, has its headquarters in Austin.
Austin has a lot of interesting places. State Capitol Building, built between 1882 and 1888, is a favorite destination for travelers. When Texas decided to build the capitol it, Texas had little money, so they sell the ground state. Some 1.2 million hectares of land, spread over 10 county area, was sold to a group of Chicago businessmen. They created XIT Ranch, which is an abbreviation of “Ten in Texas.” The money from the trade was used to build the largest state capitol in the United States. This building competes with the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. in terms of size. Sunset red granite excavated in Burnet County by prisoners and immigrant workers. Capitol building has been designated a national historic landmark; then expanded and restored during the 1990s.
In addition to the University of Texas, Austin has several other educational institutions, such as the Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary and St. Edward’s University. This city has many museums and libraries, among them the Elisabet Ney Museum, which houses the statue of Stephen Austin and Sam Houston stands. Austin is also the site of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum which contains papers, mementos, and videotapes of the life and career of President Johnson.
Other unique population of Austin is the bat. Every evening, a large number of free-tailed bats Mexico (Tadarida brasiliensis) flew out from under the Congress Avenue Bridge and devour thousands of pounds of insects. Bats have become a popular tourist attraction in Austin.
Well how? if you want to visit Austin, texas? spend your vacation time with family on vacation while learning about the history. Thank you for reading this artkel, hopefully in the article can be useful and certainly add to your knowledge of all.
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